MALE Pépin (Carloman)

King of Italy, 781-810.

Originally born with the name of Carloman (after his paternal uncle), he was renamed Pépin in 781 when he was named as king of Italy by pope Hadrian ["Perrexit rex Carlus Romam, et baptizatus est ibi filius eius, qui vocabatur Carolmannus; quem Adrainus papa mutato nomine vocavit Pippinum, et unxit in regem super Italium, et fratrem eius Hludovicum super Aquitaniam." Annales Laureshamensis, s.a. 781, MGH SS 1: 31-2]. On his premature death in 810, Italy went soon after to his illegitimate son Bernard, who was unable to hold on to it for long.

Date of Birth: 777.
[Werner (1967), 443]
Place of Birth: Unknown.

Date of Death: 8 July 810.
["810. domnus Pipinus obiit 8 Idus Iulias." Annales Iuvavenses Maiores, MGH SS 1: 88; "Pippinus rex Italiae obiit; sepultus est Mediolanum." Annales Laurissenses Minores (Codex Remensis), s.a. 810, MGH SS 1: 121; "Mortalitas bovum maxima pene in tota Europa, nec non et hominum plurimorum, et Hruothruda filia imperatoris et Pippinus filius eius." Annales Laurissenses Minores (Codex Fuldenses), s.a. 810, MGH SS 1: 121; "... et Pippinum filium eius, regem Italiae, VIII. Idus Iulii de corpore migrasse ...", ARF, s.a. 810, 132]
Place of Death: Milan.
[Settipani (1993), 211 (source not cited)]

Father: Charlemagne, d. 28 January 814, king of the Franks, Emperor.
Mother:
Hildegard, d. 30 April 783, sister of count Gerold.
See
Charlemagne's page for further details.

Mistress: Chrothais.
[Settipani (1993), 211-2, who states that her name is provided by a litany of Reichenau (n. 144), and calls her "sans doute proche parente d'Adalhard de Corbie et de son demi-frère Wala, les futurs protecteurs de Bernhard d'Italie."]

Illegitimate children:
"... Ex his omnibus duos tantum filios et unam filiam, priusquam moreretur, amisit, Karolum, qui maior natu erat, et Pippinum, quem regem Italiae praefecerat, et Hruodrudem, quae filiarum eius primogenita, et a Constantino, Graecorum imperatore, desponsata erat. Quorum Pippinus unum filium suum Bernhardum, filias autem quinque, Adalhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Bertaidem, ac Theodoradam, superstites reliquit. In quibus rex pietatis suae praecipuum documentum ostendit, cum, filio defuncto, nepotem patri succedere, et neptes inter filias suas educari fecisset. ..." [Einhard, Vita Caroli, c. 19, MGH SS 2: 453-4]

MALE Bernard, b. ca. 797, d. 17 April 818, king of Italy 812×3-817.
["... Bernhardus, filius Pippini ex concubina natus, ...", Thegan, Vita Hludowici, c. 22, MGH SS 2: 596]

FEMALE Adélaïde/Adelheid, b. ca. 798, d. after 810.

FEMALE Atula, d. after 810.

FEMALE Gundrada, d. after 810.

FEMALE Berthaid, d. after 810.

FEMALE Theodrada, d. after 810.



Commentary

Falsely attributed daughter (falsely identified with Adélaïde):
See the page of Aeda for a discussion of this false identification.

Aeda;
m.
Billung.


Bibliography

ARF = Georg Pertz & Friedrich Kurze, Annales Regni Francorum (Annals of the kingdom of the Franks), (MGH SRG 6, Hannover, 1895), a collective name commonly given to two closely related sets of annals, Annales Laurissenses Maiores and the so-called Einhardi Annales (Annals of Einhard), in parallel on alternate pages until the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 (s.a. 801).

Brandenburg (1964) = Erich Brandenburg, Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen (Frankfurt, 1964).

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Settipani (1993) = Christian Settipani, La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987 (Première partie - Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens) (Villeneuve d'Ascq, 1993).

Werner (1967) = Karl Ferdinand Werner, "Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen bis um das Jahr 1000 (1.-8. Generation)", Karl der Große 4 (1967): 403-483.


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 23 May 2007.

Note about Aeda added 3 April 2011.

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