MALE Leuthard

Probably count of Fézensac, ca. 801.

Leuthard is mentioned with his wife Grimhilde in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, founded by their son Gérard "de Roussillon", at which time they were probably both deceased [see below under Gérard]. He has generally been identified with the Leuthard who succeeded Aubry "the Burgundian" as count of Fézensac in about 801 ["Burgundione namque mortuo, comitatus eius Fedentiacus Liutardo est attributus." Vita Hludowici imp., c. 13, MGH SS 2: 612]. An alternative identification, much less likely, would make him the same as count Leuthard of Paris, son of count Bego and his Carolingian wife Alpaïs (see the Commentary section for further details).

Date of birth: Unknown.
Place of birth:
Unknown.

Date of burial: After 811, 23 February.
["vij kl. mar. Dep. Leutardi sacerdotis, Grimildis Deo sacratæ." Longnon (1884), 43; Obit. Sens, 1, pt. 1: 252] The assignment of 23 February is based on the assumption that the simultaneous appearance of the two names Leuthard and Grimhilde is more than a coincidence, and that it indicates that Leuthard and Grimhilde both retired to the religious life [Levillain (1941), 193-4]. Since they were buried on the same day of the year, it is likely that they died within a few days of each other. The date of 811 is based on the reasonable assumption that the Leuthard who was a brother of count Etienne of Paris (see below) was the same man as Grimhilde's husband.
Place of death: Unknown.

Father: Unknown.
Mother:
Unknown.

Spouse: Grimhilde.
Grimhilde is mentioned as the mother of Gérard in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay (see below).

Children:

MALE Gérard II "de Roussillon", d. 878×9, count of Paris, count of Vienne;
m. Berthe,
daughter of Hugues, count of Tours.
The parentage of Gérard is based on the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, which mentions Gérard and his wife Berthe and their parents Leuthard and Grimhilde, and Hugues and Bava, and two other relatives (exact relationship not specified) Leutfrid and Adalard ["Ego Gerardus divinæ pietatis munere apud gloriosam Regalem mansuetudinem Comitis honore sublimatus, ex communi voto & desiderio dilectissimæ Conjugis meæ atque amantissimæ Bertæ, ... Sed & dignam rependentes genitoribus atque parentibus honorificentiam, id est, Leuthardi, & Grimildis, atque gratissimorum Hugonis & Bavæ, amabilibusque filiis & filiabus ipsorum, sive qui jam dormierunt in Domino, sive qui adhuc vivant, consanguinitate, affinitate & propiquitate etiam nobis junctis, id est, Leufredi & Adalardi Comitum præclarissimorum, ut pro eis intercessio & assidua deprecatio fieret, & peccatorum eorum acquireretur propitiato, & in loco ipso, quem juvante Christo fundaremus, succeedentibusque temporibus esset eorum permanens recordatio." Historia Vizeliacensis monasterii, Spicilegium, 2: 499].

Probable children:

MALE Adalard (Alard), fl. 831-877, seneschal, count of the palace; lay-abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours and Marmoutier, 834-843; lay-abbot of Echternach, 849-856; lay-abbot of Saint-Symphorien, 866.
Adalard is mentioned in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay (see above), and was clearly a relative of either Gérard or Berthe. According to Werner and Hlawitschka, his membership in the family of the counts of Paris and of Bego, restorer of the abbey of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, is secured by an act of Charles the Bald of 2 August 853, in which Adalard, although at that time in the service of Lothair I, appears as intervener and grantor for a donation to Fossés from royal estate which had come to him, with the donation being expressly ordered for the benefit of Adalard's salvation [Werner (1967), 431, n. 8; Hlawitschka (1968), 167, n. 67; both cite Rec. actes Charles le Chauve, 1: 415ff. (#157) (the latter not seen by me)]. Since Leutfrid, the other relative mentioned in the foundation charter of Ponthières and Vézelay, is known to have been a brother of Berthe, it is probable that Adalard was a brother of Gérard [Depoin (1912), 108-9; Chaume (1925), 543 (table 8); Levillain (1949), 235; Hlawitschka (1968), 167-8, 171 (with a "dotted" line); Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1].

FEMALE Engeltrude, m. Eudes, d. 834, count of Orléans.
There is no known evidence which ties Engeltrude directly to the family of Leuthard. The connection comes from Engeltrude's probable sibling relationship to Adalard, as discussed on the page of Engeltrude.

FEMALE Rotrude, d. 10 December, year unknown.
Rotrude is mentioned in the necrology of Saint-Germain-des-Prés ["IIII id. [Dec.] ... Chrotrude filie Leutharii" Obit. Sens 1: 280]. Membership in the present family is the most likely possibility, although it is difficult to rule out the possibility that she was the daughter of another Leuthar[d].

Probable brother: Etienne (Stephanus), fl. 802-815, count of Paris.
This is based on a charter dated 811 from Notre-Dame de Paris which is signed by a Leuthard, brother of count Etienne of Paris ["S. Stephani comitis et Amaltrudis, conjugis ejus, necnon et comitissæ, qui hanc donationem scribere vel firmare rogaverunt. S. Leutardi, germanum Stephani comitis." Cart. Notre-Dame de Paris, 1: 291 (#3)]. The identification with the present Leuthard is probable, but not certain.



Commentary

Conjectured father (likely): Gérard I, fl 747-775, count of Paris.
Conjectured mother (likely): Rotrude.
This very reasonable conjecture is based on the possession of the countship of Paris along with the obvious onomastic considerations [Levillain (1949), 235; Hlawitschka (1968), 168; Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1 (given as one possibility)]. Those who conjecture that Leuthard was a son of Bego would make Bego a son of Gérard and Rotrude. Also for onomastic reasons, Rotrude has been conjectured to be a descendant of Charles Martel, who had a wife named Rotrude.

Conjectured father (doubtful): Bego, d. 816, count of Paris.
Conjectured mother (doubtful): Alpaïde, filia imperatoris, d. after 29 May 852, daughter of Charlemagne (or of Louis the Pious).
[Depoin (1912), 90, 105-7; Chaume (1925), 543 (table 8); Settipani (2004), 193, n. 1 (given as another possibility)] This conjecture is based on the supposed identification of Leuthard, husband of Grimhilde, with Leuthard, son of Bego and Alpaïde, who is known from Flodoard
["... Ludowicus imperator Alpheidi, filiae suae, uxori Begonis comitis, ... ipsius Alpheidis vel filiorum eius Letardi et Ebrardi ..." Flodoard, Historia Remensis ecclesiae, iv, 46, MGH SS 13: 595]. However, this scenario leads to serious chronological objections. It cannot be right unless Flodoard (writing a century later) was wrong about making Alpaïde a daughter of Louis, and she was a daughter of Charlemagne instead (contemporary records make her the daughter of an unnamed emperor - see the pages of Charlemagne and Louis the Pious). Although it seems clear that the present Leuthard and Bego were closely related, the most probable chronology would place them in the same generation.


Bibliography

Cart. Notre-Dame de Paris = Benjamin Guérard, Cartulaire de l'église Notre-Dame de Paris, 4 vols. (Paris, 1850).

Chaume (1925) = Maurice Chaume, Les origines du duché de Bourgogne, 4 vols. (Dijon, 1925).

Depoin (1912) = Joseph Depoin, "Les comtes de Paris sous la dynastie carolingienne", Mémoires de la société historique et archéologique de l'arrondissement de Pontoise et du Vexin 31 (1912): 83-117.

Hlawitschka (1968) = Eduard Hlawitschka, Lotharingen und das Reich an der Schwelle der deutschen Geschichte (Schriften der MGH 21, Stuttgart, 1968).

Levillain (1941) = Léon Levillain, "Les comtes de Paris a l'époque franque", Le Moyen Age 51 (1941): 137-205.

Levillain (1949) = Léon Levillain, "Girart, comte de Vienne. A propos d'un livre récent", Le Moyen Age 55 (1949): 225-245.

Longnon (1884) = Auguste Longnon, "Notice sur le plus ancien obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés", in Notices et Documents publiés pour la Société de l'Histoire de France à l'occasion du cinquantième anniversaire de sa fondation (Paris, 1884), 19-55.

Obit. Sens = Obituaires de la Province de Sens (2 vols. in 3, Paris, 1902-6).

Rec. actes Charles le Chauve = G. Tessier, ed. Recueil des actes de Charles II le Chauve, 3 vols. (Paris, 1943-55). [I do not have easy access to this source.]

Settipani (2004) = Christian Settipani, La Noblesse du Midi Carolingien (Prosopographia et Genealogica 5, 2004).

Spicilegium = Luc d'Achery, Spicilegium sive collectio veterum aliquot scriptorum qui in Galliæ bibliothecis delituerant, 3 vols. in folio (Paris, 1723).

Werner (1967) = Karl Ferdinand Werner, "Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen bis um das Jahr 1000 (1.-8. Generation)", Karl der Große 4 (1967): 403-483.


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 26 July 2008.

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