MALE Hubert

Abbot of Lobbes.
Abbot of Saint-Maurice en Valais.
Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours, 862-4.
Duke between the Alps and the Jura, ca. 859-864.

Hubert first appears on 7 May 846 as intercessor with Lothair I for a vassal of count Matfrid [Mühlbacher, #1124 (1090)]. At an uncertain date, Parisot suggests by 846 [Parisot (1898), 85], Hubert, a married cleric with children, invaded the abbacy of Lobbes ["Nam pervasa est abbatia illa hostiliter ab Hucberto, ... Efficitur ad haec uxorius, liberis procreans, ..." Folcuin, Gesta abbatum Lobiensium, c. 12, MGH SS 4: 60; "Hubertus invadit abbatiam, fugato Hardeberto." Annales Laubienses, s.a. 864, MGH SS 4: 14; "... quod ab anno Domini 863, quo odibilis Deo Hubertus dux, frater reginae Tietbergae, fugato Hartperto abbate, abbatiam Lobiensem invasit, ..." Gesta abbatum Gemblacensium, c. 15, MGH SS 8: 531; the dates 863 and 864 given by these sources are too late]. In a letter to the bishops of the kingdom of Charles the Bald, pope Benedict III complained of the activities of Hubert, noting his invasion of the monastery of Saint-Maurice [PL 115: 692 (#2)]. In about 859, or perhaps earlier, king Lothair II made Hubert duke between the Alps and the Jura ["Lotharius Hucberto abbati ducatum inter Iurum et montem Iovis commisit, eo quod tunc fidelissimus putaretur, utpote affinitate coniunctus propter sororem Thietbirgam." Regino, Chronicon, s.a. 859, 78], but relations between Lothair and Hubert soon became hostile due to Lothair's attempts to divorce this wife Theutberge, Hubert's sister. The abbey of Saint-Martin de Tours was given to Hubert in 862 by Charles the Bald ["Abbatiam quoque Sancti Martini, quam inconsulte praescripto filio suo Hludowico donaverat, non satis consulte Hucberto, clerico coniugato, donavit." 862, 57], and Hubert appears as abbot in acts of Charles dated 26 April 862 ["venerabilis vir Hucbertus abba" RHF 8: 574 (#173)] and 10 May 862 [ibid., 576 (#175)]. Hubert was killed in 864 by the sons of count Conrad [see below].

Date of birth: Unknown.
Place of birth:
Unknown.

Date of death: 864.
Place of death: near Orbe.
["Hugbertus clericus coniugatus et abbas monasterii Sancti Martini, qui Sancti Mauricii abbatiam et alios honores Hludowici imperatoris Italiae contra voluntatem ipsius tenebat, ab hominibus eius occiditur; et Theotberga, soror eius, abiecta Lotharii, ad fidem Karoli venit; ..." Ann. Bertin., s.a. 864, 74; "Hac tempestate Hucbertus abba, frater Thietbirgae reginae, contra Lotharium regem rebellare exorsus est; ... Hucbertus novissime a Conrado comite peremptus est iuxta castrum, quod Urba dicitur." Regino, Chronicon, s.a. 866, 91; "Eodem tempore Hubertus clericus, de quo supra scribitur, cuius sororem Lotharius rex pridem repudiatam dimisit, a quinque episcopis excommunicatus, a filiis Cuonradi, fratris quondam Iuthit reginae, in bello occiditur." Ann. Xant., s.a. 866, 23; the chronology of Annales Bertiniani is to be preferred to that of either Regino or Annales Xantenses during this period]

Father: Boso.
Hubert is called the son of a certain Boso in the letter in which pope Benedict III complained about Hubert's activities ["Quibus Hubertum clericum, quondam Busonis filium, ..." PL 115: 692 (#2)].

Mother: Unknown.

Spouse: Unknown.

Children:

MALE Thibaud, count of Arles, m. Bertha, daughter of Lothair II, king of Lorraine.
["In ipso etiam itinere Heinricus Teutbaldum filium Hucberti gravi devicit proelio." Ann. Vedast., s.a. 880, 47; "Thietbaldus, filius Huberti abbatis, occiditur ab Heinrico duce." Annales Laubienses, s.a. 880, MGH SS 4: 15]

MALEFEMALE NN (at least one more child).
Folcuin mentions his children in the plural ["... Efficitur ad haec uxorius, liberis procreans, ..." Folcuin, Gesta abbatum Lobiensium, c. 12, MGH SS 4: 60].



Bibliography

Ann. Bertin. = G. Waitz, ed., Annales Bertiniani (MGH SRG 6, Hannover, 1883).

Ann. Xant. = B. de Simson, ed., Annales Xantenses et Annales Vedastini (MGH SRG 12, 1909), 1-33.

MGH SRG = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores rerum Germanicarum (separate editions).

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Mühlbacher = Johan-Friedrich Böhmer & Engelbert Mühlbacher, Die Regesten des Kaiserreichs unter den Karolingern (2nd ed., vol. 1, Innsbruck, 1889).

PL = P. Migne, Patrologiae Cursus Completus, series Latina, 221 vols. (Paris, 1844-1859).

Parisot (1898) = Robert Parisot, Le Royaume de Lorraine sous les Carolingiens (1898, reprinted Geneva, 1975).

RHF = Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France.

Regino, Chronicon = Friedrich Kurze, ed., Reginonis abbatis Prumiensis Chronicon cum continuatione Treverensi (MGH SRG, Hannover, 1890).


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 20 September 2008.

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