MALE Foulques (Fulk) V

Count of Anjou, 1109-1129.
Count of Maine (jure uxoris), 1110-1129
King of Jerusalem, 1131-1144.

Fulk V succeeded his father Fulk IV as count of Anjou (and of Touraine) in 1109 (his elder brother Geoffroy having died in 1106), and obtained the county of Maine in 1110 by his marriage to Éremburge, heiress of Maine. His first wife having died in 1126, he was offered the hand of Melisende, daughter of king Baldwin II of Jerusalem, along with the throne of Jerusalem. He departed for Jerusalem in 1129, leaving Anjou, Maine, and Touraine to his son Geoffrey [Chr. S. Serg. Andegav.] and was made king of Jerusalem in1131 [Chr. S. Albini Andegav.]. He was succeeded there successively by Baldwin III and Amalric I, his two sons by Melisende.

Date of Birth: 1089×1092.
[Foulques IV and Bertrada were not married earlier than 1089, and Foulques V was certainly born before Bertrada ran off with Phillipe of France in 1092.]
Place of Birth: Unknown.

Date of Death: 13 November 1143.
[Chr. S. Albini Andegav.: 1143; Chr. S. Serg. Andegav.: 1143; Chr. S. Flor. Salm.: 1141 (sic, but in same year as the death of Pope Innocent II); Will. Tyre xv, 27 (vol. 2, p. 135), xvi, 3 (vol. 2, p. 139): 13 Nov. 1142] William of Tyre is often off on his chronology (as in the case of the death dates of Fulk's sons by his second wife, both also off by a year). Some sources [e.g., ES 2: 82] give 1144, but 1143 (in the same year as Pope Innocent II) seems the most likely.
Place of Death: Akkon.
[Will. Tyre xv, 27 (vol. 2, p. 135)]

Father: Foulques IV, d. 1109, count of Anjou.
[GND (Rob. Tor.) viii, 34 (vol. 2, pp. 260-1]

Mother: Bertrade de Montfort, daughter of Simon I de Montfort-l'Amaury.
[GND (Rob. Tor.) viii, 34 (vol. 2, pp. 260-1; OV xi, 16 (vol. 6, pp. 76-7)]

Spouses:

(1) m. 1110 [Chr. S. Serg. Andegav.], Eremburge de la Fleche, d. 1126 [Chr. S. Serg. Andegav.], countess of Maine, daughter of Hélie de la Fleche, count of Maine [Cart. Château-du-Loir 44].

(2) m. Melisende, d. 11 September 1161 [Will. Tyre xviii, 32 (vol. 2, p. 291)], queen of Jerusalem, daughter of Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem. [GND (Rob. Tor.) viii, 34 (vol. 2, pp. 260-1); Will. Tyre xiv, 2 (vol. 2, p. 51); see also Mayer (1972)]

Children:

by Eremburge de Maine:
[OV x, 8 (v. 5, pp. 228-9), names the four children; GND (Rob. Tor.) viii, 34 (v. 2, pp. 260-1) states there were two daughters, without naming them, and that one married Count Thierry of Flanders.]

MALE Geoffrey V "Plantagenet", d. 1151, count of Anjou, duke of Normandy, m. Matilda of England and Normandy, daughter of Henry I of England.

MALE Helias, d. 1151 [Chr. Vind.], count of Maine; m. Philippe, daughter of Rotrou, count of Perche [Will. Tyre xiv, 1 (vol. 2, p. 49, first name not given)].

FEMALE Mathilde, nun at Fontevrault after husband's death [OV xii, 33 (vol. 6, pp. 330-1)], m. June 1119 [OV xii, 15 (vol. 6, pp. 224-5)] William the Atheling, son of Henry I of England [Sim. Durh. 2: 257-8, 267].

FEMALE Sybil, m. (1) Guillaume (William) "Clito" [OV xi, 37 (vol. 6, pp. 164-7); Sim. Durh. 2: 267]; (2) Thierry d'Alsace, count of Flanders [OV xii, 46 (vol. 6, pp. 378-9); Gen. Com. Flandr. 307; Ex Chronico Elnonensi S. Amandi, RHF 13: 454]

by Melisende of Jerusalem:
[Will. Tyre xvi, 1 (vol. 2, pp. 136-7), who is off by one year in both of the death notices below.]

MALE Baldwin III, b. ca. 1131, d. 10 February 1163 [Chr. S. Albini Andegav.: 1163; Will. Tyre xviii, 34 (vol. 2, p. 293): 10 Feb. 1162, in 20th year of reign, in 33rd year of age], king of Jerusalem, 1143-1163, m. Theodora, daughter of Isaac Komnenos [Will. Tyre xviii, 22 (vol. 2, pp. 273-5)].

MALE Amalric I, b. ca. 1137, d. 11 July 1174 [Chr. S. Albini Andegav.: 1174; Will. Tyre xx, 31 (vol. 2, p. 395): 11 July 1173, in 12th year & 5th month of reign, in 38th year of life], king of Jerusalem, 1163-1174, m (1) Agnes, daughter of Josselin of Edessa [Will. Tyre xix, 4 (vol. 2, p. 300)], (2) Maria, daughter of John Komnenos [Will. Tyre xx, 1 (vol. 2, p. 344)].



Bibliography

Cart. Château-du-Loir = Eugène Vallée, Cartulaire de Château-du-Loir (Archives Historiques du Maine 6, Le Mans, 1905).

Chr. S. Albini Andegav. = Chronicæ Sancti Albini Andegavensis, in Marchegay & Mabille, eds., Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou (Paris, 1869), 19-61.

Chr. S. Flor. Salm. = Breve Chronicon Sanctii Florentii Salmurensis, in Marchegay & Mabille, eds., Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou (Paris, 1869), 179-195.

Chr. S. Maur. Andegav. = Chronica Domni Rainaldi archidiaconi Sanctii Mauricii Andegavensis, in Marchegay & Mabille, eds., Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou (Paris, 1869), 3-16.

Chr. S. Serg. Andegav. = Chronica Sancti Sergii Andegavensis, in Marchegay & Mabille, eds., Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou (Paris, 1869), 129-152.

Chr. Vind. = Chronica Vindocinense seu de Aquaria, in Marchegay & Mabille, eds., Chroniques des Églises d'Anjou (Paris, 1869), 156-177.

ES = Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln (neue Folge), (Marburg, 1980-present).

Gen. Com. Flandr. = L. C. Bethemann, ed. Genealogiae Comitum Flandriae, MGH SS 9: 302-336.

GND = Guillaume de Jumièges, Gesta Normannorum Ducum, as edited in Elisabeth van Houts, ed. & trans., The Gesta Normannorum Ducum of William of Jumièges, Orderic Vitalis and Robert of Torigni, 2 vols., (Oxford, 1992).

GND (Rob. Tor.) = Additions to GND by Robert de Torigny.

Mayer (1972) = H. E. Mayer, "Studies in the history of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem", Dumbarton Oaks Papers 26 (1972), 93-183.

OV = Marjorie Chibnall, ed. & trans., The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1969-80).

Sim. Durh. = Thomas Arnold, ed., "Symeonis Monachi Opera Omnia", 2 vols. (Rolls Series 75, 1882-5).

Will. Tyre = Emily Atwater Babcock & A. C. Krey, trans., A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea by William Archbishop of Tyre, (English translation) 2 vols. (Columbia University Press, 1943). For the Latin text see Recueil des Historiens des Croisades: Historiens Occidentaux, vol. 1 (Paris, 1844).


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

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