FEMALE Bertrade de Montfort l'Amaury

Countess of Anjou and Queen of France, living 1115×1117.

Bertrade, a daughter of Simon I de Montfort, was the center of one of the major scandals of her time. Married to count Fulk IV of Anjou, she was carried off in 1092 by king Philippe I of France, who married her (illegally, as she was still married to Fulk). After years of disputes with the church, which included putting France under an interdict, Philippe finally agreed to have no relations with Bertrade, in 1104. Bertrade continued to use the title of queen, but retired to a monastery after Philippe's death in 1108.

Date of Birth: say 1070.
[Estimate given by CP]
Place of Birth: Unknown.

Date of Death: after 1115×1117.
[Anselme 6: 16]
Place of Death: Unknown.

Father: Simon I de Montfort, d. ca. 1087.
[GND viii, 17 (vol. 2, pp. 232-5)]

Mother: Agnes, daughter of Richard, count of Évreux.
[GND viii, 17 (vol. 2, pp. 232-5)]


(1) Foulques (Fulk) IV, d. 14 April 1109, count of Anjou.
[OV viii (vol. 4, pp. 184-7)]

(2) carried off by and (illegally) married, Philippe I, d. 29 July 1108, king of France.
[OV viii (vol. 4, pp. 184-7), and numerous other sources. The event was a major scandal of the time.]


by Foulques IV of Anjou:

MALE Foulques (Fulk) V, d. 1144, count of Anjou, king of Jerusalem.
[GND (Rob. Tor.) viii, 34 (vol. 2, pp. 260-1); OV xi, 16 (vol. 6, pp. 76-7)]

by Philippe I of France (regarded as illegitimate):
[Will. Tyre, xiv, 1 (vol. 2, p. 48); Historia regum Francorum monasterii Sancti Dionysii, MGH SS 9: 405]

MALE Philippe, living 1123, count of Mante, m. Elizabeth de Monthlery.
[Anselme, 1: 74, citing Suger c. 10]

MALE Florus, m. NN de Nangis.
[Anselme, 1: 74, citing Cartul. de Champagnon 123-4]

FEMALE Cécile, m. (1) Tancred, prince of Antioch; (2) Pons, count of Tripoli.
[Anselme, 1: 74, citing OV]


Anselme = Père Anselme, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, 9 vols. (Paris, 1726-33).

CP = The Complete Peerage.

GND = Guillaume de Jumièges, Gesta Normannorum Ducum, as edited in Elisabeth van Houts, ed. & trans., The Gesta Normannorum Ducum of William of Jumièges, Orderic Vitalis and Robert of Torigni, 2 vols., (Oxford, 1992). Citation is by book and chapter of Guillaume's work, with the volume and page number of the edition by van Houts in parentheses. Unless otherwise stated, references are to Guillaume's work, and not to later additions by such authors as Orderic Vitalis and Robert de Torigny.

GND (Rob. Tor.) = Additions to GND by Robert de Torigny.

OV = Marjorie Chibnall, ed. & trans., The Ecclesiastical History of Orderic Vitalis, 6 vols. (Oxford, 1969-80).

Will. Tyre = Emily Atwater Babcock & A. C. Krey, trans., A History of deeds done beyond the sea by William Archbishop of Tyre, (English translation) 2 vols. (Columbia University Press, 1943). For the Latin text see Recueil des Historiens des Croisades: Historiens Occidentaux, vol. 1 (Paris, 1844).

Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

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