MALE Bégon

Count of Paris.

Bégon was a son-in-law of emperor Louis I "the Pious" (see below), and count of Paris ["... Hludovicus divina ordinante providentia Imperator Augustus, Begoni inlustri Comiti, et omnibus successoribus tuis præsentibus et futuris, atque Reipublicæ administratoribus, sive exactoribus infra pagum Parisiacum thelonea recipientibus, seu his omnibus qui infra eumdem pagum honores habere videntur." RHF 6: 468 (#17)].

Date of birth: Unknown.
Place of birth:
Unknown.

Date of burial: 28 October 816.
Place of death: Unknown.
["Picco, primus de amicis regis, qui et filiam imperatoris [nomine Elpheid] duxit uxorem, defunctus est." Annales Laurissenses Minores, s.a. 816, MGH SS 1: 122] The date of burial (dep[ositio]) appears in the necrology of Saint-Germain-des-Prés ["v kl. nov. Dep. ... Begoni comitis" Longnon (1884), 51; Obit. Sens 1.1: 276].

Probable father or other close relative: Gérard I, fl. 747-775, count of Paris.
Probable mother or other close relative: Rotrude.
No direct evidence is available on the parentage of Bégon. The main clues are the fact that he was count of Paris and the fact that he named a son Leuthard, and there was another Leuthard, probably count of Fezensac, who was father of count Gérard II of Paris, brother of count Étienne of Paris, and probably son of count Gérard I. This suggests that Bégon was also of the same family, but his exact placement is uncertain.

Possible earlier spouse:

(1?) NN (Hildebrun?).
It has been sometimes suggested that Bégon had an earlier wife. If so, she may be the Hildebrun who is mentioned as the wife of a Bicco in a Lorsch donation of 13 June 801 ["Anno XXXIII regni sæpe nominati principis ego Bicco & conux mea Hiltdibrun ... Actum in monasterio Lauresham idus Junii." Codex Lauresh., 1: 547 (#640)]. However, it is not certain that the Bicco who was donating at Lorsch was the same as the later count of Paris. Bégon's wife would certainly not be the Williburge proposed by Depoin in a Lorsch donation dated 14 July 789, who shows no sign of being the wife of the Bicco of the donation ["anno XXI regni domini nostri Karoli. Pridi idus Julii ego Bicco dono pro anima Williburgae, quod ipsa mihi tradidit, ... Signum Bicconis, qui hanc donationem fecit, ..." Codex Lauresh., 1: 400 (#349); Depoin (1912), 90]. See the further comments under Bégo's possible daughter Susanna.

Known spouse:

(2[?]) Alpaïde, daughter of Louis I "the Pious", emperor.
["... donec Ludowicus imperator idem Sancti Petri monasterium Alpaidi filiae suae dedit. Cuius mulieris vir nomine Bego prefatum dirui iussit oratorium; ..." Flodoard, Historia Remensis Ecclesiae, ii, 12, MGH SS 13: 460; "... Quod monasterium Ludowicus imperator Alpheidi, filiae suae, uxori Begonis comitis, dono dedit, eidemque sacro loco immunitatis preceptum delegavit, ut et pater ipsius Karolus imperator egerat olim. Quod coenobium postea per precarium ipsius Alpheidis vel filiorum eius Letardi et Ebrardi ad partem et possessionem Remensis devenit ecclesiae." ibid., iv, 46, p. 595]

Possible daughter (more likely by an earlier wife than by Alpaïde):

FEMALE Susanna;
m.
Wulfhard.
The argument for making Susanna a daughter of Bégon was given by Werner [Werner (1967)], and is rather involved. The details are given on the page of her son Adalhard. If Werner's theory is correct, Susanna would be the grandmother of Adélaïde, wife of king Louis II of France. If Susanna was also a daughter of Alpaïde, then Adélaïde and Louis would be first cousins twice removed (or second cousins once removed in the much less likely scenario that Alpaïde was a daughter of Charlemagne), well within the prohibited degree. This suggests that Susanna was the daughter of an earlier marriage, which would also make the chronology less tight. The main argument for making Susanna a daughter of Alpaïde is the rather weak onomastic observation that Adélaïde's son Charles III the Simple named one of his daughters Alpaïde.

Children by Alpaïde:
[Flodoard, Historia Remensis Ecclesiae, iv, 46, MGH SS 13: 595, see above]

MALE Leuthard, bur. 3 January, bef. 869, count [of Paris?].
["iij non. jan. Dep. ... Leuthardi comitis." Longnon (1884), 41]

MALE Eberhard, d. bef. 8 June 871.
Eberhard was deceased by 8 June 871, when a charter mentioned that he had bequeathed lands to his nephew Adalhard [Cart. Cluny, 1: 20 (#16); RHF 8: 636 (#241)].



Bibliography

Cart. Cluny = A. Bernard & A. Bruel, Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny, 6 vols., (Paris, 1876-1903).

Codex Lauresh. = Codex principis olim Laureshamensis abbatiae diplomaticus, 3 vols., (Mannheim, 1768-70). I have not seen Glöckner's modern edition [K. Glöckner, ed., Codex Laureshamensis, 3 vols., (Darmstadt, 1929-36)].

Depoin (1912) = Joseph Depoin, "Les comtes de Paris sous la dynastie carolingienne", Mémoires de la société historique et archéologique de l'arrondissement de Pontoise et du Vexin 31 (1912): 83-117.

Longnon (1884) = Auguste Longnon, "Notice sur le plus ancien obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés", in Notices et Documents publiés pour la Société de l'Histoire de France à l'occasion du cinquantième anniversaire de sa fondation (Paris, 1884), 19-55.

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Obit. Sens = Obituaires de la Province de Sens (2 vols. in 3, Paris, 1902-6).

RHF = Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France.


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 16 August 2012.

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