MALE Adalberto

Margrave of Ivrea 898×902-922×4.

Adalberto appears in connection with events of 900, when he was among those who invited king Louis III of Provence to take the throne of Italy away from king Berengario I, despite the fact that he appears to have already been married to Berengario's daughter Gisela ["Huius vero tam turpis sceleris auctor Adelbertus Eporegiae civitatis marchio erat, cui et idem Berengarius filiam suam, nomine Gislam, coniugio copularat; ex qua et filium genuerat, cui avi sui vocabulum dederat." Liudprand, Antapodosis, ii, 33, Dümmler (1877), 40]. On 21 April 902, Adalberto appears as a vassal of the emperor Louis III ["Adalbertus marchio filius quondam Anscherii" Hlawitschka (1960), sketch of Adalbert von Ivrea, citing Dipl. Lodov. III, 51 (#18) (not seen by me)], whose service he appears to have left after his blinding in 905. In June 907, a vassal of Adalberto dated a document according to the regnal years of Berengario I [Hlawitschka (1960), sketch of Adalbert von Ivrea, citing Tiraboschi (1785), 68 (#92) (not seen by me)], suggesting that Adalberto was then also a vassal of Berengario. He appears as a vassal of Berengario I in charters of Berengario dated 13 June 910 ["Adalbertus gloriosus marchio dilectus gener et fidelis noster" Dipl. Bereng. I, 193 (#71)], 26 January 913 ["Adelberti gloriosissimi et dilectissimi generi nostri" ibid., 233 (#87)], and ca. 913 ["Adalbertum gloriosum marchionem dilectumque generum nostrum" ibid., 248 (#93)]. In 921, Adalberto was part of a conspiracy which rebelled against Berengario ["His temporibus isdem Adelbertus, gener regius, Eporegiae civitatis marchio, atque ..., Berengario rebelles extiterant." Liudprand, Antapodosis, ii, 57, Dümmler (1877), 48]. At that time, Berengario's daughter Gisela had died and Adalberto had remarried [ibid, ii, 56, pp. 47-8, see below]. On 4 February 922, he appears as a vassal of king Rudolf II of Burgundy, and Adalberto was still living on 8 December 922, when he appears in another act of Rudolf [Hlawitschka (1960), sketch of Adalbert von Ivrea, citing Dipl. Rod. II, 95 (#1), 100 (#3) (not seen by me)]. Adalberto appears to have been deceased by 8 October 924, on which date "Hermengarda inclyta comitissa" appears in a charter of Rudolf [ibid., 111 (#6)].

Date of birth: Unknown.
Place of birth:
Unknown.

Date of death: 922×4.
[see above]
Place of death: Unknown.

Father: Anscario, d. 898×902, margrave of Ivrea.
["Adalbertus marchio filius quondam Anscherii" see above]

Mother: Unknown.

Spouses:
["... Ermengardam etiam gnatam suam sibi Afroditi dulcedine coequalem, quam Adelberto Eporegiae civitatis marchioni, Gisla Berengarii regis filia, Berengarii scilicet regis huius matre, mortua, hymenei consortio copularat. Quae ei filium genuerat nomine Anscarium, ..." Liudprand, Antapodosis, ii, 56, Dümmler (1877), 47-8]

(1) Gisela, daughter of Berengario I, king of Italy.
[Liudprand, Antapodosis, ii, 33, Dümmler (1877), 40 (see above); ibid., v, 4, p. 102].

(2) Ermengarde, daughter of Adalberto II, margrave of Tuscany, by his wife Bertha.
["Hoc eodem tempore defuncto Adelberto, Eporegiae civitatis marchione, uxor eius Hermengarda, Adelberti praepotentis Tuscie marchionis et Bertae filia, totius Italiae principatum obtinebat." Liudprand, Antapodosis, iii, 7, Dümmler (1877), 58]

Children:
["Per id tempus Berengarius atque Anscarius in Italia fratres clarebant, uno quidem patre, Adelberto scilicet, Eporegiae civitatis marchione, sed non una matre progeniti. Berengarium scilicet, uti praefati sumus, Gisla, Berengarii regis filia, Anscarium Hermengarda, Adelberti Tusciae provinciae marchionis, quam ex Berta, regis Hugonis habuerat filia, peperit." Liudprand, Antapodosis, v, 4, Dümmler (1877), 102]

(by Gisela)

MALE Berengario II, d. 4 August 966, king of Italy, 950-961;
m.
Willa, daughter of Boso, margrave of Tuscany.

[See also the Commentary section.]

(by Ermengarde)

MALE Anscario, d. 940, margrave of Spoleto and Camerino.
["Anscarius vero, Berengarii frater, quem ex Adelberto Hermengarda regis Hugonis genuerat soror, virium audatia potentiaque clarebat." Liudprand, Antapodosis, iv, 8, Dümmler (1877), 82; "Anscarius marchio obiit." Annales Farfenses, s.a. 940, MGH SS 11: 588]



Commentary

Supposed daughter by Gisela (evidence not stated):

FEMALE Bertha, abbess in Modena.
[Brandenburg (1964), 3; Werner (1967), table; neither gives any documentation for this daughter; also in ES 2: 59]


Bibliography

Brandenburg (1964) = Erich Brandenburg, Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen (Frankfurt, 1964).

Dipl. Bereng. I = Luigi Schiaparelli, ed., I diplomi di Berengario I (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, 35, Rome, 1903).

Dipl. Lodov. III = Luigi Schiaparelli, ed., I diplomi italiani di Lodovico III e di Rodolfo II (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, 37, Rome 1910). [I have not seen this work.]

Dipl. Rod. II = Luigi Schiaparelli, ed., I diplomi italiani di Lodovico III e di Rodolfo II (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, 37, Rome 1910). [I have not seen this work.]

Dümmler (1871) = Ernst Dümmler, Gesta Berengarii Imperatoris (Halle, 1871).

Dümmler (1877) = Ernst Dümmler, ed., Liudprandi episcopi Cremonensis opera omnia (MGH SRG, Hannover, 1877).

ES = Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln (neue Folge), (Marburg, 1980-present).

Hlawitschka (1960) = Eduard Hlawitschka, Franken, Alemannen, Bayern und Burgunder in Oberitalien (774-962) (Freiburg, 1960).

MGH SS = Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores series.

Rosenwein (1996) = Barbara H. Rosenwein, "The Family Politics of Berengar I, king of Italy (888-924)", Speculum 71 (1996): 247-289.

Tiraboschi (1785) = G. Tiraboschi, Storia dell' augusta badia di S. Silvestro di Nonantola aggiun tovi il codice diplomatico Bella medesima (vol. 2, Modena, 1785). [I have not seen this work.]

Werner (1967) = Karl Ferdinand Werner, "Die Nachkommen Karls des Großen bis um das Jahr 1000 (1.-8. Generation)", Karl der Große 4 (1967): 403-483.


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 20 September 2008.

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