John Crawford
of Raloo, co. Antrim, Ireland, Guernsey co., OH, and Van Buren co., IA.

Born in Ireland, John Crawford came to America with his wife and daughter Jane in 1818 [Hist. Van Buren co., IA, 595, which says that Jane came to America in 1818]. According to an account apparently coming from relatives in Ireland, he went to South Carolina ["John Crawford, the eldest son married Jane Hunter of Ballyfore; they emigrated to South Carolina" The History of Nancy Boyd; see the page of Nancy Boyd]. If so, they were not in South Carolina for very long, for daughter Mary was born in Belmont county, Ohio in 1819 [obituary of Mary Siddorn, Birmingham Enterprise]. He was living in Guernsey county, Ohio in 1820, 1830 and 1840 [John Crofford, 1M26-45, 2F<10, 2F16-26, 1820 cen., Cambridge tp., Guernsey co., OH, 183v; John Crauford, 1M<5, 1M30-40, 1F<5, 2 F5-10, 2F10-15, 1830 cen., Centre tp., Guernsey co., OH, 458; John Crawford 1M5-10, 1M15-20, 1M40-50, 1F<5, 1F5-10, 1F10-15, 2F15-20, 1F20-30, 1F30-40, 1840 cen., Jefferson tp., Guernsey co., OH, 361r]. John Crawford became a citizen of the United States on 30 March 1835 [Guernsey co., OH court records]. About 1849, the family moved to Winchester, Van Buren county, Iowa [John Crawford 50 farmer b. Ire., Rebecca 47 b. OH, Thomas 18, Hannah Crawford 13, Rebecca 6, all b. OH, 1850 cen., Van Buren co., IA, 349v]. After the death of his wife, John Crawford evidently moved in with his son Matthew [Matthew Crawford 29 md. 5 years resident in state (yris) b. OH farmer, Mary 19 md. 16yris b. OH, John T. 2 2yris b. IA, John 64 wid. 7yris b. Ireland farmer, Mary 36 7yris b. OH, Rebeca 13 7yris b. OH, 1856 Iowa state census, Union tp., Van Buren co., IA, 270; Matthew Crawford 32 farmer b. OH, Mary 24 b. OH, 3 children, John 68 farmer b. Ire., 1 other, 1860 cen., Union tp., Van Buren co., IA, 359].

Date of birth: 5 December 1791.
Place of birth: Ireland (probably co. Antrim).
Calculated from age at death.

Date of death or burial: 11 September 1860, aged 68 years, 9 months, 6 days.
Place of death: Van Buren co., Iowa.
Place of burial: Winchester Cemetery, Van Buren co., IA.
["John Crawford died Sep. 11 1860 aged 68 yr. 9 mo. 6 ds." Winchester Cemetery, checked personally by compiler]

Father: Matthew Crawford, b. ca. 1760, d. 24 May 1814, bur Raloo graveyard.
Mother: Janet Crawford, b. ca. 1762, d. 9 December 1845, bur. Raloo graveyard.

Spouses:
It is obvious from the birthdates of John Crawford's wife Rebecca (b. 1803) and his daughter Jane (b. 1816) that Rebecca was not the mother of Jane. Thus, John Crawford was married more than once. The name of John Crawford's wife has sometimes been incorrectly given as Rebecca Robinson [e.g., Thoburn Ancestry, 132]. However, this this name almost certainly resulted from an error combining the two wives of John Crawford into one person. When Crawford descendants began researching the genealogy of the family in the 1920's, the maiden name of John Crawford's second wife Rebecca had evidently been forgotten. Thus, when researchers heard from a descendant of the first marriage that John Crawford had married a Miss Robinson, they apparently assumed wrongly that this was Rebecca.

(1) m. ca. 1815, _____ Robinson (or Jane Hunter?), prob. d. 1830.
According to a great-granddaughter, Jennie Stewart Martin, the maiden name of John Crawford's wife was Robinson [see letter below]. This matches well with the fact that John's daughter Ann Patterson/Pattison had Robinson as her middle name [see John Crawford's will below], as did his grandson Matthew Robinson Baird. It is also of interest that John Crawford's will was witnessed by two James Robinsons, although this could be a coincidence. The maiden name of Robinson is contradicted by information apparently coming from descendants of John's sisters in Ireland, which had him married to a certain Jane Hunter [see quote from The History of Nancy Boyd, above]. Since the name Robinson came from a descendant, that name seems preferable, but it is obvious that better information is needed to be sure.

(2) m. ca. 1831, before 5 April 1832, Rebecca Stull, b. 25 February 1803, d. 28 February 1854, bur. Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA.
["Rebecca Stull born 25th February 1803" William and Hannah Allan Family Bible, from photocopy of original; "Rebecca wife of J. Crawford Died Feb 28 1854 Aged 51 yrs. & 3 ds." Winchester Cemetery, on same stone as John Crawford; personally checked by compiler] Rebecca's maiden name is given as Stull in the marriage and death records of her daughter Elizabeth Ward [see below].

Children by first wife:
On 14 March 1883, at the circuit court of Van Buren co., IA, Jane Julian stated that Mary Siddorn had died on or about 31 December 1880, and that at the time of her death, her heirs were her sister Jane Julian, her sister Ann Pattison, the heirs of her sister Nancy Beard, deceased, and the heirs of her brother Mathew Crawford, deceased. A more detailed list of heirs was given on 7 April 1883, listing sisters Jane Julian, 65, of Winchester, IA and Ann Pattison, 52, Mulberry, Bates Co., MO, and nieces and nephews Chas Crawford, John Crawford, Maggie Bennett, Cora A. Crawford, Minnie Crawford, Rettie Crawford, Mary C. Baird, Mathew R. Baird, Maggie Baird (ages and residences given) [Van Buren co., IA probate records]. Since this list did not include Rebecca Stull's daughters Elizabeth and Rebecca, or their descendants, the obvious reason is that the latter two were only half-sisters. This is confirmed further by the 1830 census, in which no adult female is listed with John Crawford [1830 cen., Centre tp., Guernsey co., OH, 458, see above for details; note the perfect match with John Crawford's known children]. This indicates that John Crawford's wife died between March 1830 (when Ann was born) and the time of the 1830 census.

Jane Crawford, b. co. Antrim, Ireland, 28 July 1816, d. 16 December 1885, bur. Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA;
m. July 1843, John Julian, b. Cornwall, England, 28 March 1814, d. 18 November 1887, bur. Winchester cem.
["John Julian born March 28 1814 died Nov 18 1887"; "Jane wife of J. Julian died Dec 16 1885 aged 69 yrs. 4 mos. 18 ds."; gravestones at Winchester Cemetery, personally examined by compiler] A sketch of John Julian in The History of Van Buren County, Iowa states that he was born in Cornwall on 28 March 1814, and came to America in 1842, settling in Coshochton co., OH, marrying there on 6 July 1843 Jane Crawford, who was born in co. Antrim on 28 July 1816 and came to America in 1818 [Hist. Van Buren co., IA, 595].

Mary Crawford, b. Belmont co., OH, 1819, d. Guernsey co., OH, 31 December 1880, bur. Allen's cem;
m. Van Buren co., IA, 11 June 1859, Thomas Siddorn, b. England, 11 March 1817, d. 11 January 1876, bur. Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA.
[marriage: DAR Records, Van Buren co., IA; "Thomas Siddorn, b. England, Mar. 11 1817, d. Jan. 11, 1876, ae. 58 yrs., 8 mos." gravestone in Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA; "Mary wife of Thomas Siddorn died Dec 31, 1880 in her 62 yr" gravestone, originally in Allen's cem., now in Mt. Pleasant cem., Guernsey co., IA; the latter personally checked by compiler] A newspaper obituary states that Mary Siddorn was born in Belmont co., OH in 1819, and that she died on the last day of 1880 while visiting her sister in Guernsey co., OH [Birmingham Enterprise (Van Buren co., IA)].

Margaret Crawford, b. ca. 1821, d. 1848, bur. Allen's cem., Guernsey co., OH.
["Margaret Crawford died <blank> 1848 aged 27 years", on side of Mary Siddorn's gravestone, originally in Allen's cem., now in Mt. Pleasant cem., Guernsey co., IA; personally checked by compiler]

Nancy Crawford, b. Guernsey co., OH, 28 June 1823, d. St. Charles, Madison co., IA, 7 September 1882, bur. St. Charles cem;
m. Guernsey co., OH, 15 March 1849, John W. Baird, b. Guernsey co., OH, 24 January 1824, d. Warren co., IA, 1 March 1896, bur. St. Charles cem.

Matthew Crawford, b. Guernsey co., OH, 5 March 1827, d. 15 April 1880, bur. Pleasant Hill cem., Scotland co., MO;
m. Van Buren co., IA, 23 September 1852, Mary Denning, b. Holms co., OH, 5 September 1835, d. Memphis, Scotland co., MO, 3 May 1931.
[mar: DAR Records, Van Buren co., IA; "Crawford, Mathew 1827-1880", "Crawford, Mary D. 1835-1931", Pleasant Hill cem., Scotland co., MO cem., 3: 268] Matthew Crawford moved from Ohio to Van Buren co., Iowa in 1851, and from there to Scotland co., MO in 1879 [Obituary in Memphis Reveille, which also gives dates and places of birth and death].

Ann Robinson Crawford, b. OH, March 1830, living 1900, West Point tp., Bates co., MO;
m. Guernsey co., OH, 29 March 1853, Thomas W. Patterson/Pattison, b. March 1829, living 1900, Bates co., MO.
They were living in 1860 in Union township, Van Buren co., IA [T. W. Patterson 31 carpenter b. OH, Ann R. 30 b. OH, Edward C. 3 b. IA, R. Crawford 17 housekeeper b. OH, 1860 cen., Union tp., Van Buren co., IA, 363v]. They have not been located in the 1870 census. In 1880 and 1900 they were living in West Point township, Bates co., MO, [Pattison, Thos. 52 carpenter b. OH (VA, PA), Ann R. 51 wife keeping house b. OH (Ire. Scot.), Edward 23 son farmer b. IA (OH, OH), 4 others, 1880 cen., West Point tp., Bates co., MO, ED145, p. 8; Pattison, Thomas W. Mar. 1829 m. 47 y. b. OH (WV, PA), Anna R. wife Mar. 1830 m. 47 y. b. OH (Ire., Ire.), 1900 cen., West Point tp., Bates co., MO, ED7, p. 1].

Children by Rebecca Stull:
By a deed dated 5 April 1832, Hannah Allen of Guernsey co., OH (mother of Rebecca Stull) conveyed a plot of land to John Stull, John Crawford, and Rebecca Crawford [Guernsey co., OH Deed Book H: 556-7]. This proves that John Crawford and Rebecca Stull were married by that date, and therefore that she was the mother of the four younger children.

Thomas Crawford, b. OH, 21 November 1832 (calc.), d. 22 May 1851, bur. Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA.
["Thos. Crawford Died May 22 1851 aged 18 yrs. 6 mo. & 1 day" Winchester Cemetery, same stone as John and Rebecca Crawford; personally checked by compiler]

Hannah Crawford, b. OH, 4 May 1837 (calc.), d. 24 March 1853, bur. Winchester cem., Van Buren co., IA.
["Hannah Crawford died Mar 24 1853 aged 15 yrs. 10 mo. & 20 ds." Winchester Cemetery, same stone as John and Rebecca Crawford; personally checked by compiler]

Elizabeth Crawford, b. Guernsey co., OH, 18 February 1840, d. Guernsey co., OH, 30 January 1909, bur. Allen's cem.,
m. Guernsey co., OH, 9 February 1899, Harry L. Ward, b. Medina co., OH, 19 June 1846, d. ca. 1906.
["Elizabeth Ward 1835-1909", gravestone, originally in Allen's cem., now in Mt. Pleasant cem., Guernsey co., IA; personally checked by compiler] Elizabeth Crawford's marriage record gives the dates and places of birth of her and her husband, and states that she was a daughter of John Crawford and Rebecca Stull [Guernsey co., OH marriage record]. A newspaper obituary states that her husband had died about three years previously [Guernsey Times]. Her death record gives her birthdate as 18 February 1840, and her death date as 30 January 1909 in Guernsey co., OH, naming her parents as John Crawford and Rebecca Stull [State of Ohio, Bureau of Vital Statistics].

Rebecca Crawford, b. OH, 19 March 1843, d. 15 July 1875, bur. Pleasant Hill cem., Scotland co., MO;
m. Birmingham, Van Buren co., IA, 21 November 1864, Hamilton Moore, b. Co. Antrim, Ireland, 3 November 1842, d. 3 March 1922, bur. Pleasant Hill cem.
[mar: DAR Records, Van Buren co., IA; "Moore, Rebecca, wife of H., 19 Mar 1843-15 July 1875" Pleasant Hill cem., Scotland co., MO cem., 3: 268; "Moore, Hamilton, 3 Nov 1842-3 Mar 1922", ibid., 269] After the death of Rebecca (Crawford) Moore, Hamilton Moore m. (2), Scotland co., MO, 2 April 1876, Sarah A. Ray [Scotland co., MO mar., 2: 41]


Will of John Crawford, dated 4 September 1860, proved 5 November 1860.

In the name of God Amen I John Crawford of Union Township Vanburen County Iowa do this 4th day of Sept AD 1860 calling to mind the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time it may happen make this my last will and Testament as follows (to Wit)
1st I bequeath my soul to God who gave And redeemed it and my body to the grave in hope of a glorious reserrection
2nd I bequeath to my son Mathew the sum of Ten dollars over and above what he has already recived as legacy
3rd I bequeath to my Daughters Jane Mary and Nancy each one hundred and fifty dollars being three promisory Notes I hold against Mathew my son
4th I bequeath to my Daughters Elisabeth and Rebeca in equal shares the price of forty acres of land <when sold> lying near St. Charles in Madison County Iowa and the price of one hundred and sixty acres lately sold by me to Hiram Barnes whose obligations I now hold together with obligations on T. W. Pattison for two hundred Dollars and an obligation on my son Mathew these sums to be invested in sheep or in Bank untill they amount to Nine hundred Dollars I also bequeath to Rebecca all her her [sic] mothers Clothes and my bed Clothes Should die before coming to years of maturity then Elisabeth shall recive her (Rebeca's) full share
5th My daughter Ann Robinson having already recived her share of my property she in common with the rest of my Children shall recive an equal share of my books
6th I bequeath to my daughter Mary Ten sheep
7th That the expences of my last sickness and burial be paid out of the effects of my personal property and if there is not sufficient amount for this purpose the ballanc to be paid out of the shares bequeathed to Elisabeth and Rebecca but their shares still to be invested as above stated until they amount to the nine hundred Dollars
8th I here with appoint Samuel Gould executor of this my last will and Testament witness my hand this day and year above written.
Witnesses: James Robison S, James Robinson Junr. Proved 5 November [Original will (transcribed), Van Buren co., IA; Registered will (same with very minor differences), Van Buren co., IA Probate Court records, G: 262]

Letter of Jennie Stewart Martin to Adron T. Moore, 13 December 1926.

Dec. 13, 1926
Cincinnati, Ohio
Mt dear Mr. Moore,
My aunt, Mrs. Proudfoot, sent to me your letter to her asking her to send some information in regard to the Crawford family to Julian Calhoun. ... As I understand it Matthew Crawford had two children, John and Jane. (1) The former married a Miss Robinson and was the father of six children -- Rebecca-(?), Mary (Siddorn), Jane (Julian), Ann (Patterson), Nancy (Baird) and Matthew. Mary & Ann left no children. ...
Very Sincerely yours,
Jennie Stewart Martin (Mrs. E. M.)
4403 Carnation Ave.
Cincinnati, Ohio
(Granddaughter of Nancy Crawford)


Reference abbreviations

Hist. Van Buren co., IA = The History of Van Buren County, Iowa (Chicago, 1878).

Scotland co., MO cem. = Eugene Dodge, Cemetery Inscriptions of Scotland County, Missouri (3 vols., 1971).

Scotland co., MO mar. = Eugene Dodge, Scotland County, Missouri Marriage Records (3 vols., 1971).

Thoburn Ancestry = C. Stanley Thoburn, The Ancestry of the Irish-American Thoburns (Cleveland, 1955).


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 31 May 2011.