John Crawford
of Tureagh, parish of Raloo, co. Antrim, Ireland.

John Crawford of Tureagh (or Raloo) appears on 9 November 1750 on a deed along with a certain Patrick Crawford, probably his elder brother, the two purchasing a plot of 73 acres in the townland of Tureagh and parish of Raloo in that year. In 1788, they appear in another deed partitioning their land, and in 1792, shortly before his death, John Crawford conveyed his share of the farm to his sons Matthew Crawford and William Crawford. [See below for the relevant deeds.]

Date of birth: say 1722.
Place of birth: Unknown.
Patrick Crawford of Tureagh, who appears to have been an elder brother of John Crawford, was born about 1718 [see below]. In the other direction, since John Crawford was married in 1746, he was probably born before 1726. Thus, the estimate given should not be off by more than a few years.

Date of death: 1792, after 18 February.
Place of death: Unknown.
John Crawford was still alive on 18 February 1792, when he conveyed his share of the farm at Tureagh to his sons Matthew Crawford and William Crawford [see below]. The will of John Crawford does not survive, but the will index of the diocese of Connor does survive, showing that the will of John Crawford of Ralloo was proved in 1792 [Diocese of Connor will index, FHL film #100,913].

Conjectured father: James Crawford, of Ballysavage, d. 1736×50.
Conjectured mother: Margaret Agnew, living 19 June 1736.
James Crawford of Ballysavage did have a son named John, who may have been the same person as the present John Crawford. See the page of James Crawford for a more detailed discussion.

Spouse: m. Larne, co. Antrim, 21 August 1746, Jane Lyle.
[Lyle Family, 342, citing Larne church records; The History of Nancy Boyd (see below under children)] The fact that John Crawford's son Matthew named his second daughter Jane Lyle Crawford helps to confirm that the John Crawford who married Jane Lyle was the same person as John Crawford of Tureagh.

Children:
On 18 February 1792, John Crawford conveyed his half of the farm at Tureagh to his sons Matthew Crawford (3/4 share) and William Crawford (1/4 share) [see below under deeds]. Since Matthew received a larger share, he was presumably older. Given the gap between the marriage in 1746 and Matthew's birth about 1760, there were probably older sons who died young. A short typescript item entitled The History of Nancy Boyd mentions a daughter Betty in addition to the two sons ["The parents of Matthew Crawford of Raloo were John Crawford and Jane Lyle who were married in the old Presbyterian Church, Larne, on the 21st August 1746 by the Rev. Josias Clugston. Matthew Crawford had one brother William who married a Miss Stuart. They emigrated to South Carolina and left thirteen of a family. And one sister Betty who married William Blair, their only child Rebecca Blair died unmarried." from The History of Nancy Boyd; see the page of Nancy Boyd for a discussion and a quote of the entire narrative].

Matthew Crawford, b. ca. 1760, d. 24 May 1814, bur Raloo graveyard;
m.
Janet Crawford, b. ca. 1762, d. 9 December 1845, bur. Raloo graveyard.

William Crawford, living 18 February 1792, emigrated to South Carolina;
m. _____ Stuart.

Elizabeth (Betty) Crawford;
m. William Blair.

Probable elder brother:

Patrick Crawford of Tureagh or Raloo, b. ca. 1718, d. 22 May 1801, bur. Raloo graveyard;
m. Larne, 1746, Anne Drummond, b. ca. 1718, d. 13 March 1789, bur. Raloo graveyard.
["Here lyeth the body of Anne Drummond who departed this life Mar. 13th 1789 aged 71 years late wife to Patrick Crawford of Raloo who also departed this life May 22d 1801 aged 83 years" Raloo Gravestones, 69, with photograph of gravestone; also printed, with picture of arms, in Ulster Journal of Archæology 6 (1900): 169] Patrick Crawford and John Crawford appear to have been about the same age and appear together on two deeds. Also, the arms given for Patrick Crawford on his gravestone, a fess ermine between three crows [see below], are the same as those given for John Crawford's son Matthew Crawford. This suggests that Patrick Crawford and John Crawford were brothers, with Patrick as the elder, since he appears first on the deeds. This fits well with, but does not necessarily prove, the above conjecture regarding the parents of John Crawford [see the page of James Crawford for details].


Deeds

9 November 1750
Right Honble. Arthur Hill of Belvoir, co. Down, of the first part,
to Patrick and John Crawford of Ralloo, co. Antrim, farmers, of the other part,
for considerations named in deed, part of the townland of Toreagh, lordship of Maghrymourn, barony of Belfast, co. Antrim, containing 73 acres, 3 rods, 7 perches, for and during the natural lives of Edward Price of Castlechichester, William Ewing son of John Ewing of Ballygowne, and Thomas Lyle son of Mathew Lyle of Toreagh, and others who shall be added later, for the yearly rent of £11, 15s, 6d with 4s, 6d fees. Witnesses: Edward Price of Castlechichester, Esq., John Moore of Toreagh, farmer. Memorial 10 May 1761 witnessed by said John Moore and John Patterson of Castle Dobbs, co. Antrim, linen draper. [Dublin Reg. Deeds 212/260/139179, FHL film #461,393]

29 November 1788
Patrick Crawford of Ralloo, co. Antrim, farmer,
and Jno. Crawford of Ralloo, co. Antrim, farmer,
deed of partition, whereas the late Ar. Hill, Esq. did on 9 November 1750 grant unto the said Patrick Crawford and John Crawford a farm in Toreagh containing 73 acres, 3 rods, 7 perches, the said Patrick Crawford and John Crawford divide the farm into halves. Witnesses: Thos. Moore, Wm. Moore, Jno. Drummond, all of the parish of Ralloo. Memorial 27 February 1792 witnessed by the said Wm. Moore & Saml. Hay. [Dublin Reg. Deeds 450/34/288768, FHL film #534,703]

18 Februart 1792
John Crawford of Toreagh in the parish of Ralloo, co. Antrim, farmer,
to Matw. Crawford, son of the said John Crawford, of the same place, farmer,
for 10s, three fourths part of the said John Crawford's half of a certain farm in the townland of Torreagh, parish of Ralloo, co. Antrim, containing 73 acres, 3 rods, 7 perches. Witnesses: Saml. hay & John Knox, both of the parish of Ralloo. Memorial 1 March 1792 witnessed by the said Samuel Hay & Wm. Moore, both of Ralloo. [Dublin Reg. Deeds 444/313/288769, FHL film #534,700]

18 February 1792
John Crawford of Toreagh in the parish of Ralloo, co. Antrim, farmer,
to Wm. Crawford, son of the said Jno. Crawford, of same place, farmer,
for 10s, one fourth part of the said John Crawford's half of a certain farm in the townland of Toreagh, parish of Rallo, co. Antrim, containing 73 acres, 3 rods, 7 perches. Witnesses: Saml. Hay & Jno. Knox, both of the parish of Ralloo. Memorial 1 March 1792 witnessed by the said Samuel Hay & John Weir of Larne. [Dublin Reg. Deeds 448/524/288771, FHL film #534,702]

14 March 1793
Patrick Crawford of Toreagh, parish of R[oods?], co. Antrim, farmer,
to John Crawford of the same place,
land in Toreagh containing 36 acres, 3 rods, 24 perches, for and during the natural lives of Edwd. Kingsmith of Belfast, Esq., and Fredk. duke of York, and Wm. Henry duke of Clarence, and others who shall be added later, paying to the said Patrick Crawford a yearly rent of £6, 2s, which lease contains a clause that the said John Crawford shall not devise, sell, or alien said premises unto Patrick Crawford Jr., son of the said John Crawford. Witnesses: Thos. Moore, high constable of lower Belfast, Nathl. Drummond. Memorial 23 November 1793 witnessed by the said Thos. Moore & Hugh Kirk of Carrickfergus. [Dublin Reg. Deeds 467/584/302394, FHL film #545,044]
(As the elder John Crawford had died the year before, the John Crawford of this deed was a different man, possibly the son of the elder Patrick Crawford.)


Arms on the Crawford graves at Raloo

Three Crawford gravestones in Raloo graveyard have coats of arms engraved on them, and it is interesting to ask what clues might be given by those arms. The gravestone of Patrick Crawford, above, the probable brother of the present John Crawford, and the gravestone of John Crawford's son Matthew Crawford are engraved with the arms "a fess ermine between three crows", crest a garb, and motto "God feeds the crows." [Raloo Gravesones, 69-70; also printed, with picture of arms, in Ulster Journal of Archæology 6 (1900): 169] Matthew's son James has the same arms, crest, and motto, except that the fess ermine is replaced by a fess crusilly [Raloo Gravestones, 70].

This can be compared to the arms of Crawfurd of Cloverhill, which in 1672-7 were "Gules, a fess ermine between three crows argent." [Paul (1969), 151 (#2248)] This branch of the Crawfords is the only family having arms matching the Raloo gravestones. The fact that it involves such an obscure branch of the Crawfords would appear to increase the likelihood that the arms on the gravestones are based on reliable tradition. Unfortunately, I was unable to find any genealogical treatment of the Crawfords of Cloverhill (or Clobarhill, as it is sometimes spelled). There are a number of individual records from the late fifteenth and the sixteenth centuries which pertain to various Crawfords of Clobarhill, which could perhaps be combined to produce an account for that period, but it is not clear that this could be extended to the individuals in Ireland covered on this page.


Alternative theory on the parentage

Supposed mother: John Crawford.
Supposed mother: Nancy McCullough.
The Lyle genealogy gives John Crawford and Nancy McCullough as the parents of the Patrick Crawford who married Anne Drummond [Lyle Family, 326, source not given]. The Internet also has a number of websites which place John and Nancy (McCullough) Crawford as the parents of the John Crawford who married Jane Lyle, but I have not seen any sites that give any reasonable evidence. The Lyle genealogy also gives the elder John Crawford as a son of Patrick Crawford and Nancy Blair, also without a source. I have not seen this John Crawford and Nancy McCullough mentioned in any contemporary record, so it is difficult to place them in a chronological context. Given the absence of real evidence, this information should be treated with caution.


Reference abbreviations

Dublin Reg. Deeds = Registry of Deeds, Dublin.

Lyle Family = Oscar K. Lyle, Lyle Family (New York, 1912).

Paul (1969) = Sir James Balfour Paul, An Ordinary of Arms contained in the public register of all arms and bearings in Scotland (Baltimore, 1969).

Raloo Gravestones = George Rutherford, Gravestone Inscriptions. County Antrim. Volume 2: Parishes of Glynn, Kilroot, Raloo and Templecorran (Ulster Historical Foundation).


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 31 May 2011.