John Craven
of Troutsdale, co. York, d. 1661.

John Craven died intestate, and his estate was administered on 14 November 1661 by his sons Andrew Craven and Richard Craven [Dickering Act Book, FHL film #100,000]

Date of birth: ca. 1581.
He was aged about four score (80) years at his death in 1661 (see below).
Place of birth or baptism: Unknown.

Date of death: 29 September 1661.
Date of burial: 30 September 1661.
Place of burial: Hackness, co. York.
["John Craven about thage of fower score years was well the 29th of Sept. and did eate his breakfaste well and afterwards he went out and satt downe at the Doore and shortely after he said his sight failed him, and presently after walked into the house and satt downe in his chaire and there presently after dyed and was buryed the 30th day of the same wch. was our Courte day." Hackness PRT, p. 106]

Father: Unknown.
Mother: Unknown.
John Craven may have originally been from the nearby parish of Ebberston, where his son William owned land [see the page of William, under his will], and where other Cravens lived. No sixteenth century parish registers survive for Ebberston, which would explain the lack of a baptism for John Craven.

Spouse:
m. Hackness, 7 December 1607, Elizabeth Langdale, bp. Hackness, 7 May 1585, bur. there 22 November 1652.

See below for the possibility that John Craven had a second wife also named Elizabeth.

Children:
[Brompton PR; Hackness PRT; Wykeham BT] See the discussion about John Craven's family below.

William Craven, bp. Wykeham, 11 December 1608, d. 16745;
m. Brompton by Sawdon, 12 July 1636,
Elizabeth Carlill, bp. Brompton, 31 January 1618[/9], still alive 12 November 1674.

Margery Craven, perhaps bp. Hackness, 4 March 1609[/10];
m. Hackness, 19 August 1628, John Cockerill.
There does not appear to be any direct proof that Margery was a daughter of John Craven. However, the published registers of Hackness record a Margaret Craven daughter of John Craven at 4 March 1609/10, without stating whether it was a baptism or a burial [Hackness PRT]. Could Margery have accidently been recorded as a Margaret in her baptism record? It seems like a reasonable hypothesis. The younger John Craven names several Cockerill nephews in his will (below), suggesting strongly that Margery (Craven) Cockerill was his sister.

Margaret Craven, bp. Brompton, 6 December 1612, bur. Hackness, 4 June 1630.

Priscilla Craven, bp. Brompton, 7 May 1615, bur. Hackness, 4 August 1637.

Grace Craven, bp. Brompton, 3 April 1618;
m. Hackness, 12 November 1639, John Sedman of Everley.

Richard Craven, bp. Brompton, 10 September 1620, bur. Hackness, 24 January 1663[/4];
m. Hackness, 25 November 1645, Jane Sedman, who m. (2) Hackness, 30 March 1668 Richard Medd.
[Hackness BT (burial)] The will of Richard Crave of Billathwaite, in the parish of Hackness, dated 17 September 1663, transcribed below, mentioned his eldest son John Craven, his wife Jane Craven, his daughters Grace and Elizabeth Craven, his second son Richard Craven, and an unborn child.

Ellen Craven, bp. Brompton, 15 June 1623.

Catherine Craven, bp. Brompton, 24 September 1626.
A Katherine Craven of Ebberston was married at Brompton by Sawdon by banns 21 and 28 June, and 5 July 1657, to William Coltman, of Brompton, shoemaker. However, as there was another Craven family in Ebberston (or another branch of the same family), William Coltman's wife was quite likely not the same as John Craven's same-named daughter.

Andrew Craven, bp. Hackness, 4 January 1628[/9], living 14 November 1661.
Andrew Craven was one of the administrators of his father's estate on 14 November 1661.

John Craven, of Scarborough, gent., bp. Hackness, 19 August 1632, bur. Hackness, 1 June 1692;
m. Elizabeth _____, living 2 August 1692.
The will of John Craven of Scarborough, transcribed below, dated 22 May 1692, mentioned, among others for whom no relationship was stated, his eldest son Samuel Craven, son John Craven, eldest daughter Elizabeth Craven, daughter Mary Dodsworth, nephews William Craven, John Craven, John Cockerill, William Cockerill, Richard Cockerill, William Carlin, and John Sedman, sister Jane the wife of Richard Medd, nephew Thomas Craven, niece Alice Crispin, and his wife (not named in the will, but Elizabeth in the probate of the will).


Wills

Will of Richard Craven of Billathwaite, dated 17 September 1663, proved 24 March 1663[/4].

In the name of God Amen the xvijth Day of September 1663: I Richard Craven of Billathwaite in the parish of Hacknes of the dioces of Yorke weake in body but of good and perfect mynde and Memory praysed be God doe make ordaine and appoint this my last will and testament in Manner and Forme Followinge. First I give and bequeath my soule into the hands of Allmighty God father sonne & holy ghost whoe Created Redeamed and Sanctified me trustinge in the Mercies of God through Jesus Christ to be Eternally Saved and to live with the lord in Everlastinge glory. And my body I bequeath to the Earth whereof it was made to be buried as neare the bodies of my Ancestors in Hacknes Churchyeard as Conveniently may be And my temporall Estate wherewith God of his goodnes hath Endowed me I order dispose and bequeath as followeth Inprimis I give and bequeath unto John Craven my Eldest sonne my young Red mare Item I give and bequeath unto Jane Craven my deare and loveinge wife my younge paceing Colte Item I give unto Grace and Elizabeth Craven my two daughters Five pounds apeece Item I give and bequeath unto my second sonne Richard Craven tenn pounds which William Moore of Ayton oweth me upon bond which I desire my wife to have the benefitt of the use of it For and towards his better Education & bringinge up Item where as it is very probable that my loveinge wife is Conteined with Child I doe give and bequeath unto the sayd Child if it please God that it live and Continue in this world A two and thirty part which I have in the good shipp Called the truelove of Scarbrough which is in the use of my brother John Craven or his assignes And if it please God my sayd part of the shipp shall faile or that it Miscarry that the sayd unborne Infant shall have noe benefitt by it. Then my mynde and will is and I doe hereby bequeath unto it by Legacy Five pounds Item I give and bequeath unto our Minister Francis Proud Clerke xs whoe I desire if it please God he be in health to bestow his paines in preachinge att my buriall Item I give unto the poore of the parish of Hacknes Five shillings to be distributed att Christmass next after my decease by the Minister and Churchwardens for the tyme beinge The rest of my goods and Chattells Moveable and unmoveable not hereby disposed and bequeathed my Funerall Expences discharged and my Legacies deducted I give and bequeath unto Jane Craven my Deare and very loveinge wife and John Craven my Eldest son who I make Joynt Executors of this my last will & testament And I Revoke renounce and make voyd all other and Former wills by me made And in testimony that this is my last will and testament I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the Day and yeare First above written: Richard Craven: wittnesses hereof william Craven John Dickinson Mercy Hindmer her H marke Francis Prowde. Proved 24 March 1663[/4][PCY 46: 248, FHL film #99,571].

Will of John Craven of Scarborough, dated 22 May 1692, proved 2 August 1692.

In the name of God Amen I John Craven of Scarbrough in the county of York Gentleman being weak in body but of perfect mind and memory praised be God, knowing that all men must die but the time uncertain therefore doe make and ordaine this my last will and testament in manner and forme following First I committ my soule into the hands of almighty God my maker and redeemer hopeing that I shall be saved in and by his meritorious death and passion and my body to be decently buried in the parrish Church of Hackness at the discretion of my executors hereafter named. And as to my temporall estate wherewith it hath pleased God of his mercy to bestow upon me I give and dispose upon as followeth Inprimis I give and bequeath all my houses orchards lands Closes and grounds with their [r]espective appurtincs which I have within the liberties of Falsgrave that I have and purchased of and from mr. John Burton and Francis Dale and George Peacock and his wife, to my eldest son Samuell Craven and to his heirs and assigns for ever Item I give and bequeath all that Close of meadow or pasture with the appurtincs bought of John Bonus of York lyeing without and brough gate unto my said son Samuel Craven and to his heirs and assignes for ever Item I give and bequeath the house or tenement with the appurtincs, purchased of Broughtons heirs and also that house or tenement with the appurtincs purchased of Charles Flintoft, with the moyety of one halfe part of the spaw cliffe unto my said son Samuel Craven and to his heirs and assignes for ever Item I give and bequeath all that my house wherein I now dwell, together with my garden and all other my housing and land that I bought and purchased of Mr. Harrison and his heirs, unto my son John Craven and to his heirs and assignes for ever excepting out of the same the tenements wherein Mr. Williamson lives and that wherein William Lacy did lately live in, both which I give and bequeath unto my eldest daughter Elizabeth Craven for and during the tearme of her naturall life Item I give and bequeath all those lands grounds and premisses that I purchased of and from mr Richard Thompson and the daughters of Edward Hickson deceased, as also one beast gate purchased of Sir Henry Thompson, and one beast gate purchased of Francis Dale and one beast gate purchased from Christopher Boyes and a Close of meadow or pasture in greenegate purchased of James Thompson, unto my said son John Craven and to his heirs and assignes for ever excepting out of the same onely the moyety or one halfe part of the Spaw Cliffe, being above bequeathed unto my son Samuel Craven. Item I give and bequeath unto my eldest daughter Elizabeth Craven three hundred and twenty pounds of lawfull English money, in full of her part or Share out of my personall Estate, to be paid within three years after my decease, (vizt. one hundred pounds a yeare, and one hundred and twenty pounds the third yeare Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Dodsworth two hundred and twenty pounds of lawfull English money, in full of her part or Share out of my personall estate to be paid within two years after my decease (vizt.) one hundred pounds the first yeare and one hundred and twenty pounds the second yeare Item I give unto my Nephew William Craven Fourty shillings and to his eldest son twenty shillings Item I give unto my Nephew John Craven fourty shillings Item I give unto [my] Nephew John Cockerill fourty shillings, and to his son John fourty shillings Item I give unto my nephew William Cockerill twenty shillings Item I give and bequeath to my Nephew Richard Cockerill fourty shillings and to my Nephew William Carlin fourty shillings Item I give unto my nephew John Sedman fourty shillings Item I give unto my sister Jane wife of Richard Medd three pounds and to her husband Richard Medd twenty shillings Item I give unto my Nephew Thomas Craven six poundes Item I give unto Elizabeth Body wife of Thomas Body twenty shillings Item I give and bequeath unto Mary Atkinson and Joan Huntris of Falsgrave ten shillings a peice to each of them Item I give to the vicar of Scarbrough to preach my funerall sermon twenty shillings and to the Parson of Hackness twenty shillings Item I give and bequeath unto the poore of Hackness Constablery for ever, fifty two shillings a yeare to be disposed by the Minister Churchwarden and overseer of that Towne (vizt.) twelve pence a Sunday in white bread every Sunday in the yeare And for non payment of the said yearly payment of fifty two shillings a yeare, for ever as aforesaid, the Minister Churchwarden and Overseer of Hackness to Enter upon my dwelling house in Scarbrough and the same to hold and keep untill the said yearly summe shall be paid and satisfied as abovesaid Item I give unto Andrew Skarr fourty shillings Item I give unto my maid servant Jane Browne fourty shillings Item I give unto my Neece Alice Crispin to buy her a Ring twenty shillings Item all the rest of my personall Estate whatsoever unbequeathed, my funerall Expences defrayed and Legacies paid I give and bequeath unto my loveing wife and my two sons Samuel and John Craven whom I doe make Joynt Executrix and Executors of this my last will and testament And Lastly I do authorize and appoint Mr. John Foddis and Mr. Lephany Williamson (to whom I doe give twenty shillings a peice) and my three nephews William Craven John Cockerill and John Craven to be Suvervisours of this my will and to see the same performed according to the true intent and meaning hereof In testimony whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale and published this as my last will and testament the twenty second day of May Anno Domini 1692 Annoque RR. et Regin., Gulielm. et Mari. Augt. &c quarto. Signed sealed and published in the presence of us Samuell Brathwayte Joseph Disbrough Eliza. Williamson Jane Maulsby T. Williamson. Proved 2 August 1692 by Elizabeth Craven and John Craven [PCY, FHL film #99,610]


The family of John Craven

Because the proper identification of certain individuals having the same name only becomes clear when a number of the available records are considered together, some discussion of John Craven's family is advisable. Since the baptisms of the children of John Craven come from three different neighboring parishes, it would be nice to have further verification that the same John Craven was involved in all of these records. The 1661 estate of John Craven was administered by his sons Richard (baptized at Brompton) and Andrew (baptized at Hackness). Also, Priscilla, baptized at Brompton, was buried at Hackness. Thus, we have clear evidence that the Brompton and Hackness baptisms involved the same John Craven.

In the two generations following John Craven, we have several wills which fill in the picture. The wills of Richard Craven of Billathwaite and John Craven of Scarborough are transcribed on this page, and the wills of William Craven of Hilla Green and Thomas Craven of Scarborough are transcribed on the page of William Craven. John Craven's will on 22 May 1692 gave 6 to his nephew Thomas Craven, and the 11 April 1694 inventory of Thomas Craven of Scarborough shows that the executor of John Craven of Scarborough owed Thomas Craven 6. Thus, Thomas Craven of Scarborough was a nephew of John Craven of Scarborough. The inventory of Thomas Craven of Scarborough called him Thomas Craven of Hilla Green, and identified one of his executors as William Craven of Hilla Green (his brother according to the will). Thus, this William and Thomas are clearly the sons of those names mentioned in the will of the elder William Craven of Hilla Green. The will of Richard Craven mentions that he held interest in a ship at Scarborough which was in the use of his brother John Craven, and this is further confirmed by the will of John Craven, which names a nephew John Craven (coinciding with one of Richard's sons), and calls Jane, wife of Richard Medd (and widow of Richard Craven) a "sister". Thus, the elder William Craven of Hilla Green, Richard Craven of Billathwaite, and John Craven of Scarborough were all brothers, and this fact is proved independently of the baptisms of the children of John Craven.

This leaves John Craven and Elizabeth Langdale as the obvious candidates for the parents of these three siblings. The parish registers of Hackness show the burial of Elizabeth, wife of John Craven, in 1652, and no known direct evidence proves that John Craven had a second wife. However, there is a possible problem. Since Elizabeth Langdale was baptized in 1585, that would make her 47 years old when the youngest child in the list was baptized. Since this is near the extreme age limit of when it is possible for a mother to give birth, this invites the suggestion that John Craven had two wives named Elizabeth, and that we are missing the burial of the first and the marriage of the second. At first glance, the same thing would appear to be suggested by the will of Margaret Langdale, mother of Elizabeth (Langdale) Craven [see the page of Margaret (Dickinson) Langdale for a transcript]. In this will, Margaret Langdale refers to John Craven's wife, without referring to her as her daughter. However, the will mentions others who are known to be children or grandchildren but for whom no relationship is specified, so this does not seem to be strong evidence. The children are fairly evenly spaced and there is no obvious gap in the baptisms to suggest where the children of one wife would stop and the children of the other would begin. We at least know for sure that the eldest three children of John Craven were by Elizabeth Langdale, because on 12 December 1612, the will of William Langdale of Hackness refers to his sister Elizabeth Craven [see the page of George Langdale for a transcript]. But in fact it seems likely that Elizabeth (Langdale) Craven was the mother of all of John Craven's children, and that she was 47 years old at the birth of her youngest child, an uncommon but still quite possible occurrence.


Reference abbreviations

Hackness BT = Bishop's transcripts of Hackness, co. York, FHL film #919198.

Hackness PRT = Charles Johnstone and Emily J. Hart, The register of the parish of Hackness, Co. York, 1557-1783 (Yorkshire Parish Register Society, 25).

PCY = Prerogative and Exchequer Court of the Archbiship of York.

Wykeham BT = Bishop's transcripts of Wykeham, co. York, FHL film #990,865.


Compiled by Stewart Baldwin

First uploaded 13 May 2011.